Community Participation in Sustainable Rural Infrastructural Development in Riyom Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria
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Community Participation in Sustainable Rural Infrastructural Development in Riyom Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria

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– Community Participation in Sustainable Rural Infrastructural Development in Riyom Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria –

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Abstract

The study investigated the spatial variations in the distributions of rural infrastructure, the level of participation of rural people in infrastructural development, the contributions to sustainability and the constraints to community participation.

Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data were generated through the retrieved 174 structured questionnaires, using multi-stage sampling technique.

Focus Group Discussions (FGD) was employed to collect data from some community based organizations (CBOs) and Non Governmental Organization (NGOs).

The study also revealed that community participation is limited to receiving information, been consulted and without participation with 26.4%, 23.6% and17.2% respectively, putting the level of participation at a lower level.

The study confirms that about 33.3% of rural dwellers sustain infrastructures majorly through contributing funds for repairs of abandoned or damaged infrastructures, while other forms of sustainability are through securing infrastructures by using vigilante groups and completing of abandoned projects.

Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Participation and other related concepts like sustainability and empowerment are at the centre of development discourse (Mc-Chener, 1998; Blackman, 2003) and it may be argued that participation is as old as democracy itself.

The rural people in Nigeria are the most deprived and neglected. They have least access to basic services such as health, educational facilities, social services and agricultural inputs.

In essence, infrastructural and institutional arrangements are deficient at the local level, where most people who need them live, perhaps because the rural people rarely participate in the processes that bring about these infrastructures.

Access to quality services contributes to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and to the achievement of human rights (United Nations, 2005).

Yet, widespread evidence shows that services are failing poor people in a large number of countries with negative impacts on human development outcomes (World Bank, 2003).

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