– Development of Glass Ceramics Using Kaolin Processing Waste, Sodalime and Borosilicate Glass Wastes –
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The utilization of waste materials to produce a useful product is highly encouraged to avoid its disposal on land fields so as to safeguard the environment. Kaolin waste, soda-lime, and borosilicate glass wastes were used to develop glass-ceramic.
The oxides content of the raw materials were determined using the X-Ray Fluorescence machine while the moisture content and loss on ignition were determined by the weight loss method and the following results were obtained; SiO₂ 80.50% for borosilicate 77.63% in soda-lime and 46.80% in kaolin, Fe₂O₃ content in borosilicate was O.22%.
V₂O5 was found in kaolin and soda-lime glass wastes and B₂O₃ only in borosilicate glassware. CaO content of 7.46% in soda-lime with a value less than 1.0% in kaolin and borosilicate.
Loss on ignition of 10.13% was found in kaolin, 0.30% in soda-lime and 1.34% in borosilicateAl₂O₃ content of kaolin is 31.41%, 0.60% in soda-lime, and 0.52% in borosilicate, the MgO content of 0.20% in kaolin, 2.63% soda-lime and 0.03% in borosilicate waste glass.
Background Glass-ceramics are fine-grain polycrystalline ceramic materials obtained through the controlled Crystallisation of suitable glass compositions and different heat treatments (Callister, 2005).
Considerable research work has been devoted to the recovery and safe, use of waste residues from industries and domestic uses. The wastes from the industry contain a high concentration of toxic substances, heavy metals, organic substances, and soluble salts.
Waste processing resulting in a reduction of the noxious and toxic substances occupies a central place for environmental preservation.
Recycling methods and technologies with a minimum quantity of energy and time are designed for the protection of the environment against pollution by toxic elements produced by industrial chemical waste (Sheppard, 1990).
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