– The Role of Financial Statements in Investment Decisions –
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The research topic of this study is “The role of financial statement in investment decisions” – a study of selected banks in Enugu metropolis.
The purpose is to identify the relationship between financial statement and investment decisions, and the impact of financial statement in investment decision making and also to know if investment decisions depends solely on financial statement.
The study population is 125 persons who are the member of staff of the five major selected banks. Using the Yaro Yamani formula, the sample size calculated gave (95). The formulated hypotheses were tested using Z test with statistical technique at 5% level of significance.
The researcher also made use of primary methods of data collection which included questionnaires and personal interviews. Also the secondary methods of data collection used are library research of relevant materials and existing documents from the selected banks.
The researcher recommends that banks in Enugu metropolis should consult the financial statement before making investment decisions, and also it is recommends that all interested parties to financial statement should used required financial ratio analysis for decision making.
1.1 Background of the Study
Every business prepares profit and loss Account or income statement to ascertain the net result of financial working of the business whether it has earned some income or profit or sustained any loss. It also prepare balance sheet to find out the financial position of the business.
Profit and loss account or income statement, retained earnings statement and balance sheet are known as financial statements. Gautam (2005) sees financial statement as financial information which is the information relating to the financial position of any firm; when presented in a concise and capsule form.
Besides profit and loss account and balance sheet, some other statements are also prepared for deriving certain conclusions. A schedule of current assets and current liabilities of two years may be prepared to know the changes in working capital.
Similarly a fund flow statement and cash flow statement may also be prepared to ascertain the future estimate of cash receipt and payment. Thus, financial statement include: profit and loss Account, income statement and balance sheet along with certain schedules and statement.
Ezeamama (2010) is of the opinion that rational decisions have to be taken to manage modern business successfully and for this rational decision to be taken in line with the firms’ objective.
Some analytical tools ought to be available and used based on the strengths and weakness of the firms. Thus, the financial strengths and weaknesses of a firm are revealed in its financial statement.
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